Spatial and urban planning
Based on the Law on Planning and Construction (Official Gazette of Republic of Serbia br. 72/09, 81/09-correction, 64/10US and 24/11) main documents of spatial and urban planning are:
- Planning documents;
- Documents for implementation of spatial plans;
- Urban planning and technical documents.
Planning documents are spatial and urban plans:
Spatial plans are:
- Spatial plan of the Republic of Serbia;
- Regional spatial plan;
- Spatial plan of a unit of local government;
- Spatial plan for special purpose areas.
Urban plans are:
- General urban plan;
- General regulation plan;
- Detailed regulation plan.
Spatial plan of the Republic of Serbia is applicable for the territory of the Republic of Serbia. This is the basic planning document of spatial planning and development in the country (national level). Other planning documents must be in line with the Spatial Plan of Serbia.
Regional spatial plan is developed for large spatial areas of administrative, functional, geographical or statistical nature. It is directed towards common goals and projects of regional development. The regional spatial plan is a planning document that takes care of specific needs of space, arising from regional particularities. Besides that, it develops goals and determines the rational use of space, in line with neighboring regions and municipalities.
Spatial plan of a unit of local government is adopted for the territory of the local government and sets guidelines for development of activities and land use, but also the conditions for sustainable and balanced development on the territory of local government units.
Spatial Plan for special purpose areas is issued for the area that due to natural, cultural, historical or environmental values requires special mode of organization, development, use and protection of space. This category also includes areas for exploitation of mineral resources and hydropower, and areas that have significant potential for improvement of tourism. It also includes areas that require construction for which building permits are issued by the Ministry in charge of construction (or the competent authority of the autonomous province), which need special mode of organization, development, use and protection of space or that as such is regulated by the Spatial Plan of Serbia.
General urban plan is adopted as a strategic plan with general elements of spatial development. It is applicable for the area that is part of the local government unit which has over 30,000 inhabitants.
General regulation plan is obligatory for the area that is part of local government unit, but it can also be adopted for other settlements within the municipality when determined by the spatial plan of the local government unit. For local government units that require general urban plan, general regulation plans are mandatory for the entire urbanized area of settlement.
Detailed regulation plan is adopted for the parts of settlements, informal settlements upgrade, urban renewal zones, infrastructure corridors, improvement of facilities and areas that are determined in previous planning document. Detailed regulation plan for the construction of utility and energy infrastructure can also be issued when the spatial plan of the local government unit does not include the inputs for its realization.